Algiers Peace Agreement 2015

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The Algiers Peace Agreement of 2015, also known as the Mali Peace Accord, was a landmark agreement signed on June 20, 2015, following months of negotiations between the Malian government and various armed groups operating in the northern regions of Mali.

The agreement aimed to bring an end to the ongoing conflict in the region, which had been raging since 2012 when Tuareg rebels and Islamist militants took over large parts of northern Mali.

The agreement was mediated by the African Union, the United Nations, and the European Union, and was signed by representatives from the Malian government, the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), and the Platform Alliance of Armed Groups.

One of the key provisions of the agreement was the establishment of a joint security committee, which was tasked with overseeing the implementation of the ceasefire and ensuring the security of all parties involved.

Other provisions included the decentralization of power to the regions, the integration of former rebels into the national army, and the creation of a Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation Commission to address human rights abuses and hold perpetrators accountable.

Despite the signing of the agreement, however, violence in the region has continued, with attacks on civilians, peacekeepers, and security forces raising concerns about the effectiveness of the accord.

In 2018, the United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on individuals and entities that were seen as impeding the implementation of the agreement, highlighting the international community`s commitment to seeing the peace process through.

As the world marks the sixth anniversary of the Algiers Peace Agreement, the continued violence in Mali underscores the importance of ongoing efforts to implement the agreement fully and ensure lasting peace and security in the region.

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